Flughafen Frankfurt/Main Pilotenbriefing
On the Apron
Always have charts available! Frankfurt is a complex airport and you will not be able to find your way without charts! The easiest way to find some charts is to use Chartfox (Vatsim Login required). Callsign: Frankfurt Apron (not Ground!)
Hold Short Instructions:
Frankfurt Apron is complex and many hold short instructions are possible. If you are given a hold short of instruction: Hold in front of the dashed yellow line, do not turn into the taxiway! See the example image.
Give way Instruction:
Often you will hear an instruction to continue taxi as number two behind a passing aircraft (e.g. “Taxi via N8 N, hold short of N10, at November number 2 behind company A320 from the left”). This means, you have to give way to this aircraft at the crossing taxiway. Please make sure to follow this instruction correctly, otherwise ask the controller if the mentioned traffic is not in sight or you are unsure what to do.
Blue and Orange Lines:
Used for aircraft up to a size of A321/B739 that they can taxi next to each other instead of the yellow line. These lines are located on N south of Terminal 2 and at N7 between N and L (see image).
Taxiway Links at N8 and N7:
Taxiway Links are used to connect taxiway N7 and N8 at different locations (see images). If you are instructed to taxi via one of the Links, it is important that you follow it closely to avoid standing face-to-face with other aircrafts. If you are unsure what to do you should always ask the controller to avoid a face to face situation with other aircraft. These Links are published at all charts, you may have to look at the “parking stands” chart to find them! More images are available soon.
At the Runway System
At U, T and Y there are named stopbars to protect the extended centerline of the runways (see image). The name of such a stopbar can be seen at all common charts. Inbound traffic is usually told to hold short of T4 on taxiway T. ATC may instruct you to hold short one of these stop bars. In that case you must not cross them without further clearance.
Start-Up (IFR) Clearance
In Germany you have to request “start-up” to get your IFR clearance. This does not include the pushback, therefore a separate approval is required!
|Waypoint||RWY 25C||RWY 18||RWY 07C|
|OBOKA||M / G||-||E / D|
|MARUN||M / F||-||E / D|
|TOBAK||M / F||-||D|
- Always check the current ATIS first!
- Report Callsign, ATIS Information and request start-up
(e.g. “Lufthansa 12FU, Information A, request start-up”)
- Only request start-up when you are ready for pushback within the next 5 minutes
- Clearance also available via Datalink (PDC/DCL via Hoppie ACARS System) - check Controller Info for Airport Code!
- Departure Runway will be assigned by Delivery according to the table at the right (for more details and the initial climb see latest charts!)
- If your first waypoint is not listed, you should check your Route or AIRAC Cycle
- Report on Initial Call if unable for Runway 18 due to tailwind (if more than 10kt)
- Valid routes out of Frankfurt are available via grd.aero-nav.com. For more details check additional information at the end.
NOTE: The Controller may change your departure route due to operational reasons.
Only ask for Pushback if you are able to start pushback immediately when receiving pushback approval! Below you will find a tutorial how to prepare the most common pushback tools and use it the most efficient way. It might be possible that ATC will instruct you to do a specific routing for pushback (into a specific taxiway, a blue or orange line, push and then pull foreward, etc.). Always report when unable or if you do not understand the instruction!
- Set your Squawk and turn on your Transponder before offblock.
- Positions V134 - V178, A1, B10 and C2 are taxi-out positions, no pushback required.
For medium departures out of RWY 18, parked on any D, E or V stand (requiring a pushback), please advise on the pushback request if you are unable for intersection S. Takeoff Runway Available from S is 2735m (sufficient for most medium aircraft). Even though the taxi route to S is slightly longer than to the “normal” holding points there are less dependencies which can often expedite your takeoff clearance! Refer on U-Taxi for detailed routing.
Outbound traffic from the East Apron departing via RWY 18 out of intersection S will be handed to Tower short of stopbar U2. You will get your further routing by Tower. Most of the time this will be via U S S11 R S25 S. Make sure you have the clearance to cross stopbars U2 and U6 by ATC!
Note: At some charts/AIP you can find this routing also as "Transition 1".
To optimize the traffic flow expect intersection departures out of RWY 25C/07C. Report earliest available intersection to Apron/Tower during taxi.
Departure frequency will be issued by Tower when airborne.
Use ICAO Noise Abatement Departure Procedure 2. Accelerate to flap retraction speed at 1000AGL (~1400ft on your altimeter).
Do not climb above your initial climb until advised by ATC! You will receive your initial climb with your startup clearance and you can find it on the departure charts (written part) as well.
There is no 250KTS/FL100 speed limit in EDDF. Unless speed restricted by your SID or ATC you can accelerate to your final climb speed immediately after flap retraction. Note that most SIDs have a speed limit for the first turn which always has to be adhered to, unless cleared otherwise by ATC.
Your landing runway will be assigned by Arrival or Director (Langen Radar). Any runway can be used from any arrival. Especially during high traffic situations inbounds from the north may expect runway 25R/07L and inbounds from the south runway 25L/07R.
Inbounds shall expect STARs according to the table below. ATC may deviate from this due to operational reasons. Via FAWUR and EMPAX arrivals expect descent to FL110/FL100 via the STAR. This means you have to descent regarding all altitude restrictions on the STAR (see charts for details). Most aircraft are able to provide you with VNAV guidance which should be used unless otherwise needed.
|Clearence Limit||Arrival 07||Arrival 25||VIA||at FL|
|SPESA||C||B||SPESA||FL100 / FL110|
|KERAX||D||A||KERAX||FL110 / FL130|
Aircraft typ B747, A380, MD11, A124, L1011 are not allowed at RWY 25R/07L. Expect RWY 25L/07R instead.
There is no 250KTS/FL100 restriction at EDDF within airspace C. Normal descent speeds are 280kt ± 20kt until instructed by ATC. On downwind expect vectors to final, mostly shortly after passing abeam the FAF/FAP. Plan your descent accordingly! Maintain good speeds. As a general guidance on base you should be around 220kt, when cleared for the final approach between 200-180kt. Expect to cross the FAF/FAP between 200 -180kt and to maintain 170kt until 5 DME.
When contacting Frankfurt Director report your Callsign only!
Expedite vacating the runway after landing. Use the first high speed exit reasonably possible. Do not taxi slowly on the runway. Change frequency only when instructed to do so!
Aircraft landing on runway 07L/25R: Expect to taxi via P and hold short N11. Do not confuse P1 with P! Aircraft landing on 07R/25L: Vacate to the north except otherwise instructed. Expect to join M and cross 07C/25C at specific intersections, depending on runway in use and your gate.
Caution: Do not cross active stopbars in taxiway T! See Tower Section above for details.
Pushback at Frankfurt
Pushback with P3D and GSX
First of all make sure you are familar with custom pushback with GSX (see manual for that).
- Click Prepare for push-back and departure. GSX will remove the jetways, ground equipment and attach the tug.
- Once GSX is ready to start the pushback it will show you the menu where the pushback direction can be selected. This is the moment to request pushback from ATC!
- Should you have to wait a little and the GSX menu close in the meantime you can reopen it at any time by opening the GSX main menu and clicking on “Prepare position for push-back and departure” again.
- Once clearance is received all you have to do is to select the required direction in GSX or plan a manual routing, release the brakes and you can start to push within seconds from ATC’s approval.
CAUTION: When using the Catayna files for GSX, depending on the disconnect position this might push you in a strange way as it will not pull you foreward.
Pushback with X-Plane
Use Better Pushback for the best result.
- First of all, do not preplan your pushback!
- When you are ready for pushback “request pushback” inside the plugin Option. The plugin will now ask you to plan the pushback, but just click on "Connect first" at the right lower corner to only connect pushback tug. This enables you later to draw the pushback path according to the instruction by ATC.
- Wait until the tug is connected and the ground crew is ready for pushback. This is the moment to request pushback from ATC!
- Now you can click on “request pushback” again and plan your pushback route with the adviced facing/instruction (or area). Hit enter, release your parking brake and start the pushback.
This is the most efficient way to do the pushback at huge airports.